- A rifle with a relatively short barrel. Any rifle or carbine with a barrel less than 16" long must be registered with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms. Shotguns with barrels less than 18" long fall into the same category. Commonly used today to indicate any rifle of short overall length.
- A general term referring to relatively short-barreled, quick-handling rifle, often intended for use on horseback.
- In Winchester lever-action terminology, a carbine has a single barrel band. In German, a Stutzen.