Montana Gun Laws

Montana Gun Laws

Montana State Gun And Self-Defense Laws: YOU MUST ABIDE WITH ALL LAWS: STATE, FEDERAL AND LOCAL. Always Consult An Attorney               

Rifles & Shotguns Handguns
Permit to Purchase NO NO
Registration of Firearms NO NO
Licensing of Owners NO NO
Permit to Carry NO YES*

 * A permit to carry concealed is not needed outside the limits of cities or towns


Self-Defense Law Review: Always Consult An Attorney               

Duty to retreat before using Deadly force outside of Special Places


Crimes Justifying use of Deadly Force outside of Special Places

Forcible Felony

Duty to Retreat when occupying special Places - Special places Mentioned in Statute such as Home, Workplace, Occupied Vehicle


Presumption of Reasonableness in Special Places - Unlawful Acts justifying use of Deadly Force in Special Places

No - Forcible felony or violent assault in the home

Immunity from Civil liability


Notable Provisions of this State's Self-Defense Law

Statute lets you tell people you have a gun or exhibit a weapon


How to obtain a Concealed Carry Permit in Montana


Montana law allows people to carry concealed weapons if he or she has a valid Montana or out-of-state permit to do so. County sheriffs can provide information on where concealed weapons are prohibited in their counties.

"No county, city, town, consolidated local government, or other local government unit may prohibit, register, tax, license, or regulate the purchase, sale or other transfer (including delay in purchase, sale, or other transfer), ownership, possession, transportation, use, or unconcealed carrying of any weapon, including a rifle, shotgun, handgun, or concealed handgun."

The open carry of a weapon is generally allowed by any person who is not otherwise prohibited from doing so under federal or state law. A person carrying openly may communicate to another person the fact that the person has a weapon. It is unlawful to carry or bear a concealed handgun without a permit to carry.

Applications are available from the local county Sheriff’s office. The following link provides a sample application so people can review what is required and gather the necessary documentation prior to going to their sheriff’s office. The form is clearly marked as a “sample only” and cannot be used in place of the application provided by the local Sheriff’s office. CLICK HERE:

Florida recognizes a Montana permit if the permit-holder is 21 years old or older. Also, non-residents must meet the following criteria to carry a concealed weapon in Montana: the state that issued their permit must require a criminal records background check before issuing a permit; the permit must be in the holder’s possession, and the permit holder must have photo identification:  CLICK HERE